domingo, 16 de julio de 2017

MONTERREY LA CIUDAD DE LAS MONTAÑAS OCTUBRE DE 1846



PLAZA MAYOR DE MONTERREY PINTOR, Daniel Power Whiting


Por: Pablo Ramos .

Cuando se termino la Batalla de Monterrey de 1846 la ciudad quedo casi destruida, sus habitantes salieron de la ciudad y abandonaron  sus casas,el ejercito de ocupación norteamericano concentro en la plaza mayor los cañones mexicanos producto de la capitulación firmada por el General Pedro de Ampudia y el General Zachary Taylor ,mas de 100 casas fueron ocupadas, por oficiales de EU que se quedaron bajo las ordenes del general William Worth ,en el éxodo de ciudadanos los que se quedaron trataban de hacer su vida diaria pro eran obligados a través del toque de queda a estar en sus casas ,lass autoridades mexicanas, trataban de limpiar las calles de la destrucción, enterrar a sus muertos,limpiar sus plazas y curar a sus enfermos, de lado Estadounidenses también sus médicos implementaban hospitales temporales y trataban de recuperar la salud,muchos de sus reportes fueron inciertos en ambos bandos por lo que muchos dtos de bajas de civiles y soldados se desconoce, la Iglesias inician sus misas y los soldados y oficiales de EU Catolicos, acuden a la Catedral de Monterrey a escuchar la lecturas bíblicas, en compañía de sus enemigos, en esos caóticos meses la población sufria de ataques de los voluntarios de EU principalmente de Texanos, Ohio, Kentucky, que destruían sus parcelas o mataban a sus animales como vacas y cerdos al igual que las aves de corral solo por el placer de hacerlo, en una carta del oficial Napoleón T Dana escribe un icncidente ocurrida en una casa cerca del Obispado al entrar en una casa varios soldados y violaron a la esposa del regiomontano en su presencia, causando vergüenza de estos incidentes , asi como en las calles en el toque de queda incidente como el del ciudadano Mnuel Peña quien muere por no saber ingles,de los muertos que fueron enterrados en donde caian,las calles de monterrey aparecían montones de tierra donde se encontraban los muertos para evitar sus malos olores.

asi en el Monterrey de 1846 descrito como un paraíso con frutas tropicales, agua, arboles, cielos despejados y sus verdes montañas, no se explican los soldados de ambos bandos el porque se destruye esta bella naturaleza, a los heridos que se recuperaban eran recuperados en el Nogalar en san Nicolas de los Garza sino los enterraban en los cementerios en el nogalar, de lado mexicano poco se sabe de donde fueron enterrados, aun esta en estudios.

analizar y estudiar esta Batalla de Monterrey ahora que se han repatriado desde septiembre del 2016 estudiada en la MTSU por el Dr, Derek Frisby, quien dio una conferencia el 15 de julio del 2017 y se prepara para tener mas comunicación con historiadores mexicanos para entender el estudio de los excombatientes de la BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846-


SIGAMOS HACIENDO QUE LAS COSAS OCURRAN SIGAMOS HACIENDO QUE SUCEDA......


VISITA MONTERREY TIERRA DE HISTORIA Y TRADICION.

jueves, 13 de julio de 2017

MUSEO DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846



Por . Pablo Ramos.

Este año en Monterrey se cumple 171 años de la gesta heroica donde mas de 7000 mexicanos comandados por el General Pedro de Ampudia  de los cuales 2000 eran regiomontanos defendieron la soberanía del país ante el ejercito invasor norteamericano en numero de 6500 comandados por el futuro presidente de los Estados Unidos Zachary Taylor , esta Batalla de Monterrey de 1846 fue cubierta por la prensa de ambos países, en Estado Unidos se implemento un sistema llamado Pony Express el cual consistía en una serie de jinetes y caballos que llevaban las noticias junto con cartas para las familias de los soldados de EU que peleaban en la primer guerra fuera de su país, en México también se contaba con agiles jinetes que llevaban para el interior del pais las noticias de esta gesta Heroica.

el los días de la Batalla de Monterrey del 21 al 23 de septiembre de 1846, la ciudad casi es destruida, sus edificios de 250 años de antigüedad casis destruidos, sus ventanas de hierro caídas, sus paredes horadadas, sus habitantes aterrorizados sin entender el porque de esta salvaje invasión que llevo a sufrir violencia domestica ya que los mismo soldados de EU narran en sus libro de memorias las vergonzosas acciones ocurridas a las mujeres regiomontanas las cuales eran violadas o sufrieron agresiones no cuantificadas, sus cultivos destruidos o robados y sus guas saqueadas, al igual que sus casas las cuales fueron abandonadas posterior a la Batalla y que salieron junto con el ejercito mexicano con rumbo a Saltillo y de ahí  SLP, al termino de los combates hubo mas de 123 muertos y 244 heridos y 63 dispersos y 15 desaparecidos  para dar un total de 438 bajas, de lado norteamericano fueron 120 muertos y 368 heridos para un total de 488 bajas.
MUSEO DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846

La ciudad fue ocupada por 2 años, conviviendo el ejercito de ocupación de EU con la población regiomontana,donde el gobernador Nuevoleones salió de la ciudad y gobernó en varias sedes entre ellas Galeana, Linares siendo el Lic. Francisco de Paula y Morales, siendo sustituido en 1847 por el Lic. Jose Maria Paras Ballesteros, quien seria el que despediría en 1848 al ejercito de ocupación de EU, siendo compartida la gubernatura por 6 militares de EU quienes  realizaban decretos y leyes acorde a la ocupacio0n de Nuevo León.

en Monterrey al termino de la batalla y cuando ya había salido el ejercito mexicano a finales de septiembre de 1846, la ciudad empezó su reconstrucción y enterrar a sus muertos de hecho no se conoce donde fueron enterrados los 123 oficiales y soldados del heroico ejercito mexicano ya que aun no se encuentra su acta de defunción, solo se encontró un listado en el AHDN y sus nombres colocados en la PLAZA HISTORIC DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846 para que nunca mas sean olvidados, de las bajas de civiles durante la batalla y en los 2 años de ocupación no se conoce aun solo por referencias se sabe de sus enfrentamientos.

a  lo largo de estos 170 años de ocurridos los hechos de la BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846 esta gesta heroica fue olvidada por los historiadores ya que solo la mencionaban de manera superficial, pero es a partir de 1995 que se retoma de manera cada ve mas frecuente y es en 1996 cuando al realizar excavaciones en las entrañas de la ciudad que empiezan a salir esta historia al recuperarse material arqueológico huellas de esta sangrienta pelea, monedas, botones y restos humanos al parecer del ejercito invasor norteamericano, cerca de donde se ubicaba el fortin de las TENERIAS siendo estudiados por la Dra. Araceli Rivera Estrada y otros arqueólogos del INAH Nuevo Leon, en diversos momentos 1996, 2006, 2008 y 2011,despertando el interés de diversos investigadores e historiadores que se dieron a la tarea de difundir y recuperar la memoria histórica de esta gesta heroica a través de ceremonias, recorridos, platicas, conferencias, obras de teatro, plazas históricas, estos ciudadanos llamados LOS AMIGOS DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846 siguen impulsando con el apoyo de la autoridades políticas, culturales, universidades que se recuerde de manera oficial, cumpliéndose este objetivo en el año 2011 siendo oficial el dia 21 como DIA DE L BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846,realizando a lo largo del año platicas y actividades para seguir impulsando el conocimiento de esta gesta heroica además desde el año 2014 se propuso ante la AUTORIDAD MUNICIAL DE MONTERREY QUE LLEVE LA H DE HEROICA CIUDAD por la defensa de los regiomontanos para defender la SOBERANIA DE L PAIS, además de promover la construcción del MUSEO DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846, que ya esta en obra negra aun faltan por terminar.

Ahora que se cumplirá el 171 aniversario de LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846 debemos LOS AMIGOS DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846 de seguir IMPULSANDO que no se olvide y se recuerde con DIGNIDADY RESPETO,

domingo, 2 de julio de 2017

CELEBRACION DEL 4 DE JULIO DE 1847 EN MONTERREY



Por : Pablo Ramos










libro de nuestro amigo Chris Dishman.










Como el ejercito de ocupación norteamericano estaba en Monterrey desde el año de 1846, se encontró en medio de la celebración del 4 de Julio de 1847 fuera de su país, así que un grupo de oficiales y soldados, voluntarios salieron de Monterrey hacia el campamento militar americano localizado en el bosque de Santo Domingo en San Nicolás de los Garza Nuevo León, ahí en sendos discursos se conmemoro un aniversario mas de la Independencia de los Estados Unidos de 1776. este emotivo discurso estubo acompañados de insinuaciones de la candidatura a la presidencia de los EU del General Comandante del Ejercito Americano en Nuevo León Zacary Taylor,que seria a la postre Presidente Numero 12 de los EU por sus méritos en las Batallas de Palo Alto,Resaca de Guerrero, Monterrey y la Angostura o Buenavista, al terminar los discursos se dirigieron de nuevo a Monterrey y en la casa del General Arista en el Obispado se continuo la celebración de este primer 4 de Julio fuera de los EU.
BOSQUE DEL NOGALAR 1950 APROX O WALNUT SPRINGS en San Nicolas de los Garza NL. Mexico
a continuación un pequeño fragmento de este discurso del General Cushing del regimiento de Massachusetts en el Bosque de Santo Domingo o Walnut Spring en San Nicolas de los Garza:
Vista de Monterrey desde el Obispado.

 "Esta reflexión adquiere la nueva fuerza de las circunstancias bajo que nosotros esta reunión del día - un ejército americano victorioso, aquí, en el corazón de la República mexicana, en la vista de los reductos capturados y Montañas de Monterrey,
Walnut Springs  San Nicolas de los Garza N.l.

Arbol del Bosque del Nogalar 1846 
en medio de los venerables arboles, y por el lado de estas aguas vivientes del Bosque de Santo Domingo que, ocupó por usted, general, y sus tropas victoriosas, ha adquirido un lugar en la historia como soportar en la vida como la poesía dio a la fuente de Vaucluse, o elocuencia al bosquecillo de Academus. "Sí, millones de hombres habrán congregado hoy dentro de los límites anchos de los Estados Unidos, para honrar a las tradiciones de la Revolución, ponderar en la belleza excelente de la Constitución Federal, felicitar entre si en la condición feliz de nuestro país, y para parecer adelante con el ojo inquisitivo en el futuro sublime de la República americana. Ellos llamarán para molestar guerra de independencia que vindicó nuestros derechos nacionales en la tierra primero a los nombres de los campos heridos de eso - de esa guerra del segundo de independencia que vindicó nuestros derechos nacionales en el mar, y de los héroes que ilustraron cada uno pero mientras la Colina del Arcón, y Saratoga, y Yorktown, y de Nuevo Orleans no se olvidará. Palo Alto, Resaca del la Palma, Monterey, Buenavista, Vera Cruz, y Cerro Gordo quieren todavía más. " :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
Visita 24 de Junio 2014 al Museo del Obispado y a la Maqueta del Fortin de las Tenerias, de Oficlaes y Medicos de EU que examinaran los vestigios oseos de posibles combatientes de la Batalla de Monterrey de 1846.

 Fourth of July at


Monterey 1847 Tuesday, August 3 ,1847
The celebration is over, and without any accident, a rare thing for a Fourth of July, and everything went off pleasantly and agreeably to all concerned. The morning of the 5th was cloudy and portended rain, but the bright sun soon dispelled the heavy mist that clung to the mountain’s side, and ere noon the heavens were as clear and bright as a lovely woman’s smile. Early in the forenoon the American ensign was displayed from the Governor’s quarters and the Spanish flag from the residence of the Spanish consul nearly opposite. The live companies of Massachusetts volunteers were assembled, all but the guard, with the colors of the regiment presented them by the Governor of their State, and a little after 9 o’clock they formed and marched out towards Camp Taylor. An American flag borne by a citizen was carried near the regimental colors. Col. Wright and the members of the regimental staff, and others, preceded the regiment, and on the road received the marching salute. At Camp Taylor all was ready; under the wide-spread awning in front of Gen. Taylor’s tent were the brave old hero and the members of his staff and the officers attached to the forces stationed at camp. On the right of the awning the soldiers of Maj. Bragg’s Light Artillery were drawn up in line, on the left the 2d Dragoons, and in front the Massachusetts regiment. As soon as the latter had formed into line, Gen. Cushing made his appearance, and Gen. Taylor and his officers all rose. Gen. Cushing then proceeded to address him as follows: “General- The veteran officers and soldiers whom you have so many times led on to victory and to tame- those yet untired in the field, who ardently long for the day when your voice shall bid them also tread triumphantly in the same noble path of honor and of duty- and others your fellow citizens present, who, though not called to fight the battles of their country, are not the less animated with the same devoted love towards her which we feel- have desired on this anniversary of our separate existence as a sovereign people, to present their respectful salutations to you, as the official representative here of the power and authority of the United States. “We come to rejoice with you on this day of glorious memories; in the prosperity and greatness of our country, and to rekindle in our hearts the sacred fire of patriotism by remembering together the virtues and the sacrifices of our wise and brave forefathers, who have transmitted to us the splendid heritage of the land hallowed by their blood, of the institutions they founded, of their own immortal names. “It is, indeed, a day never forgotten by an American; for whether in the home of our affections and interests, surrounded by all that is dearest to the human heart, or on the broad expanse of the fathomless ocean, or wandering over some far distant land, on this anniversary, wherever we may be, our thoughts are turned spontaneously to the same point, as truly as the needle to the pole, as devoutly as the Muslem to his holy Mecca. “And well it is for us that it is so, since no warmth of gratitude is intense enough to be commensurate with the debt of thankfulness we owe to our patriot sires, no language of eloquence is powerful enough to express adequately the emotions of pride which our country’s career awakens- no homage of the soul is profound enough render due adoration to that gracious Providence which has continued to guide and to guard the destinies of the Union. Meanwhile let us be just to the memory of our fathers, and just to ourselves in the measure of regard which we bestow on this day. “Men who have but superficially studied the history of the United States are accustomed to speak of this day as the anniversary of our emancipation from bondage, and vague ideas of that vaguest of all things, called liberty are attached to the very name of our national independence. But the people of the United States were never in a state of bondage. The war of the revolution was not a war for liberty. On the contrary, it was but a struggle in arms to determine whether the two great subdivisions of the British race, one inhabiting Europe, and the other inhabiting America, and both equally free, should continue to constitute a single empire, or whether they should be reconstituted separately into two independent empires. The God of Battles decided that we, the American Colonies, were as competent for independent self-government as the mother country; and England with that practical good sense which distinguished her from other nations, manfully acquiesced in the decision which split her power asunder, and gave to us separate dominion in America. “And the mysterious order of Providence seems to have predestined the American to surpass the European subdivision of the original empire, for, of that high-minded, bold-hearted and strong-handed British race, which, wheresoever it appears, appears but to command, the more numerous part will ere long be found in America; and the British Isles have already reached that fatal term in the history of nations when their native land can no longer feed its sons; while the people of the United States are still expanding with a rapidity and strength of possession which defies calculation, over the rich virgin soils of the New World. “This reflection acquires new force from the circumstances under which we this day meet- a conquering American army, here, in the heart of the Mexican Republic, in sight of the captured redoubts and heights of Monterey, amid the venerable trees, and by the side of these living waters of the wood of San Domingo, which, occupied by you, general, and your victorious troops, has acquired a place in history as enduring as poetry ever gave to the fountain of Vaucluse, or eloquence to the grove of Academus. “Yes, millions of men will have assembled today within the broad limits of the United States, to do honor to the traditions of the Revolution, to ponder on the excellent beauty of the Federal Constitution, to congratulate one another on the happy condition of our country, and to look forward with inquisitive eye into the sublime future of the American Republic. They will call to mind the names of the stricken fields of that first war of independence, which vindicated our national rights on the land- of that second war of independence which vindicated our national rights on the sea, and of the heroes who illustrated each but while Bunker Hill, and Saratoga, and Yorktown, and New Orleans will not be forgotten. Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey, Buena Vista, Vera Cruz, and Cerro Gordo will yet more.

Ahora a 170 años de estos eventos los dos paises luchan por mantener sus relaciones de manera cordial y sincera ojala que Mexico y EU vecinos geograficamente recuerden estos acontecimientos que dieron lecciones de vida.
esta Visita de los Examinadores médicos del ejercito de Estados Unidos que analizaran posibles excombatientes de EU en la Batalla de Monterrey de 1846 y que ocasiono que se perdiera mas de la mitad de su Territorio enter ellos California, Texas, Nuevo México, parte de Kansas, Colorado,Arizona, parte de Utah, donde mas de 70,000 mexicanos se quedaron ahi para proteger sus propiedades.

ACTUALIZANDO:

4 DE JULIO 2017.. RECUERDAN EL 4 DE JULIO EN MONTERREY



Celebrando el Aniversario de la Independencia de EEUU en Monterrey


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Para conmemorar el Día de Independencia de Estados Unidos el Cónsul General, Timothy Zúñiga-Brown, fue anfitrión de una recepción al medio día en el consulado para casi 200 invitados, incluyendo a representantes de la sociedad civil, medios de comunicación, instituciones educativos y estatales de nuestro distrito consular. Con la Ruta 66 como tema central la icónica carretera Americana representa conexiones a lo largo del país y la búsqueda de mejores oportunidades y aventura.  Durante la celebración que conmemoró el 241 aniversario de la firma de la Declaración de Independencia de los Estado Unidos, el Cónsul General resaltó los sólidos lazos económicos, culturales, educativos e históricos compartidos entre los Estados Unidos y México, especialmente los estados del distrito consular, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí y Zacatecas. Las palabras del Cónsul General están disponibles aquí, y las fotografías del evento.

domingo, 25 de junio de 2017

VISITA DE TEXANOS A MONTERREY ,LA RUTA DE SHELBY Y LA TUMBA DEL GOBERNADOR CONFEDERADO PENDLETON MURRAH 1865-2017


SIGUIENDO LA RUTA DE SHELBY 1865-2017 MONTERREY

Por. Pablo Ramos.


Cuando en el año 1865 en Mexico y Estados Unidos se libraban batallas surgieron historias que se entrelazaron hasta nuestros dias, en Mexico existia en el año 1865 la guerra de intervención Francesa,entre Maximiliano y Benito Juarez ,Conservadores y Liberales y en Estados Unidos entre los de la Union y los Estados Confederados,es en el mes de Abril cuando en Estados Unidos se pone fin a la sagrient Guerra Civil que ocasiono innumerables muertos y heridos, destrucción y un éxodo masivo de parte de los soldados y habitantes de los Estados Confederados a


Mexico y otros paises y continentes del Mundo,existen varias rutas por donde llegarian a México, por mar y tierra, ahora a diferencia de 1846, eran invitados a poblar a México por el emperador Maximiliano y el encargado de la colonización M. Maury,el cual realizará durante dos años esta invitación a los confederados, entre estos confederados que llegaron y pasaron por Monterrey se encontraban los encabezados por J. Walker,Terrel,Harris,el exgobernador Texano Pendleton Murrah,Pearson,Magruder,y J.O Shelby,




es este ultimo que se trato de recordar  por los visitantes ya que este General Confederado  al saber que ya se habia pactado la Rendicion por el General Lee el reune a sus hombres y les pasa revista en Chatfield Texas
RUTA DE LOS CONFEDERADOS DE CHATFIELD  MONTERREY JUNIO-JULIO 1865

 en  donde les menciona que no se rendira y que  se ira a Mexico, donde les dice que quien le sigue iniciando un exodo mas de 600 a 800 oficiales y sus familiares sufriendo muchas penalidades pasado a territorio mexicano por Piedras Negras,  de ahi pasarian por Lampazos,Salinas Victoria hasta llegar a Monterrey en Julio de 1865,elos sabian que ya estaban en Monterrey varios grupos de Confederados que tambien huian de la persecucion de los oficiales de la Union,entrev ellos varios exgobernadores,de Luisiana, Tennessee,Carolina, Texas etc,es precisamente en Chatfiel que en una hacienda donde se pasa la ultima revista de los hombres de Shelby y es ahi donde se realizo un Museo que recuerda esta presencia de los Confederados.


J.O.SHELBY






es en Monterrey de 1865 que se encuentran mas de 5000 soldados de varias nacionalidades belgas, francesas,arabes, irlandesas y mexicanos al igual que confederados,entre ellos el gobernador Murrah que llego enfermo de tuberculosis muriendo el 4 de agosto a las 23.30 en el primer piso del Hotel San Fernando, actual Hotel Colonial,En el año 2008 la comision de tierras de Texas pide apoyo al Maestro Miguel Angel Gonzalez Quiroga, Ahmed Valtier y Pablo Ramos para investigar el paradero de este Gobernador Texano realizando una investigacion que culmina en un articulo publicado en la revista ATISBO , ahis e narra la vida de Murrah y Shelby, ademas habia varios artistas entre sus filas un soldado Confederado Champman pinta varias pinturas que dejarian para la posteridad al Monterrey de 1865, un cudro se el se encuentra en el Museo del Palacio Estatal.


Cuando a principios de Marzo nos invitan de parte de la Universidad de Texas en Austin para guiar a nuestros visitantes, organizamos esta visita que inicio en Junio 16 del 2017,acudiendo nuestros amigos visitantes de Texas realizando una visita a varios puntos donde se desarrollo la Batalla de Monterrey de 1846 y la tumba del gobernador Pendleton Murrah.





Poster de la visita a Monterrey JUNIO 16 DE 1846 Autor Ricardo Arron




VISTA MONTERREY TIERRA DE HISTORIA Y TRADICION.


domingo, 4 de junio de 2017

LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846,LOS EXCOMBATIENTES DE 170 AÑOS



Por: Pablo Ramos.


Cuando  se encontraron los primeros vestigios de posibles excombatientes de la Batalla de Monterrey de 1846,en los años 1996,2006,2008 y 2011 había poco interes entre los historiadores de Mexico y de Monterrey  menos interés tenian en EU sobre estos posibles restos que habria una herida difícil de borrar,tenían que pasar  mas de 20 años para que se interesaran las autoridades de EU de recuperar a posible excombatientes de EU y cuya antigüedad de 170 años serian los restos mas antiguos,cuando estubimos en tres salvamentos 2006,2008 y 2011 en el INAH de Nuevo León, tratando de que no se archivara en un burocrática bodega,se trato por todos los medios de que se interesaran mas historiadores en Nuevo Leon asi en el año 2007 se creo los AMIGOS DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846, afortunadamente en el INAH la Dra Aracely Rivera Estrada se intereso por recuperar aun con pocos recursos estos vestigios,junto con Ahmed Valtier y Pablo Ramos poco a poco se intereso a mas personas hasta que en el año 2014 acudieron investigadores y militares de EU encabezados por el Crl Ladd Tremeine quien era el Director de la agencia de examinadores medicos en Dover,y se le dio una explicación de los hallazgos y llevarian muestras para anlisarlas siendo positivas juntos con el análisis de arqueologos mexicanos el año pasado septiembre de 2016 se culmino los acuerdos entre Relaciones exteriores e INAH Nacionl y el departamento de Estado de EU llevandose estos vestigios, ahora se estan analizando en Tennesee,en MTUO .pronto se dara una platica el 15 de julio del 2017 .





Mas familiares en EU h despertado el interes de conocer de esta desconocida batalla de Monterrey de 1846 veamos esta nota, de abril del 2017
.


http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/apr/10/woman-honors-ancestors-who-died-in-the-mexican-ame/

domingo, 21 de mayo de 2017

ANALIZAN RESTOS DE SOLDADOS REPATRIADOS DE LA BATALLA DE MONTERREY DE 1846


Por :´Pablo Ramos





Cuando en el año 1996 surgen de Las entrañas de las calles de Monterrey vestigios arqueológicos de la olvidada Batalla de Monterrey de 1846, pocos en Monterrey conocian esta enigmatica batalla ocurrida en Monterrey hace 171 años, nuevamente al ampliar el Paseo Santa Lucia se recuperan mas vestigios en el año 2006,2008 y 2011, al principio en EU no se interesaron por estos restos hasta que fue cubierta por medios de prensa de EU, asi acuden en el año 2014 oficiales de EU quienes analizan los restos, llevandose muestras,y es en el año 2016 que finalmente se repatrian mas de 13 restos de soldados de EU,aunque ya se habian analizado por arqueólogos mexicanos y antropologos fisicos estaba pendiente el analisis de DNA por lo que se llevaron a EU para su estudio,ahora en Tennesee se estan estudiando, cabe mencionar que fue el interes de los historiadores mexicanos y arqueologos mexicanos quieines trataron desde el año 2006 de interesar a historiadores de EU interesandose el autor del libro A PERFECT GIBRALTAR THE BATTLE MONTERREY MEXICO 1846 Cristopher Dishman quien en el año 2007 acudio a Monterrey a estudiar esta olvidada Batalla publicandose un libro en octubre del 2010, es enel año 2011 quien otro estadounidense Jim Page de Tennesee quien trata de todos los medios de que se interesen politicos de EU,en Monterrey desde 1995, Ahmed Valtier, despues, Miguel Angel Gonzalez Quiroga, Cesar Morado, Jesus Avila, Leticia Martinez Cardenas, Raul Martinez Eduardo Cazares, Pablo Ramos ,Araceli Rivera, Juan Antonio Cerda,Bertha Villarreal,Pedro Cantu, buscan que se reconozca esta gesta heroica,este año 2017 en EU ya se estan obteniendo resultados.
















ver noticias:

Johnson seeks to return Mexican War veterans bodies home

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Mexican War_large2
Anyone who knows Tim Johnson knows he is passionate about history.
Particularly intrigued by the Mexican War, Johnson, professor of history at Lipscomb for more than 25 years, has devoted decades to researching and writing about the leaders, soldiers and battles of that war, which took place between 1846-1848.
This past fall, Johnson got to help write a new chapter in the annals of Mexican War history when a dozen sets of remains, some of which are believed to be the remains of Tennesseans who fought in the Mexican War’s Battle of Monterey, were returned to the United States. On Sept. 28, six years of work by Johnson, and numerous other locals, paid off when the remains were transferred to the Dover Air Force Base in Dover, Delaware, for further forensic study.
Since then, Johnson has continued to doggedly work to confirm if any of the skeletal remains belong to Tennessee volunteers and to complete a book on Tennessee’s role in the Mexican War.
Mexican War_1Johnson was one of the small delegation invited to be part of a September “dignified transfer” ceremony to honor the fallen soldiers and transfer them to the Center for Mortuary Affairs, the U.S. Department of Defense’s largest joint-service mortuary facility located at the Dover AFB.  The delegation from middle Tennessee also included Congresswoman Diane Black and several forensic anthropologists.
“It was a remarkable honor to be among the delegation of Tennesseans who welcomed these soldiers home after 170 years,” said Johnson, one of Lipscomb’s designated research professors who has penned three books on the Mexican War. “It was a great day and a great event. The remains were given full military honors, and the transfer ceremony was both solemn and meaningful. I was impressed that after 170 years these American servicemen were accorded the same kind of respect as someone who gave their life in military service today. The chaplain who prayed during the observance expressed the hope that the ceremony underway would honor those men who gave their lives at the Battle of Monterey.”
Now Johnson wants to help determine if any of these soldiers were from Tennessee and if so to find any of their ancestors who might still be in the state. He said there is a high likelihood that some of these remains are Tennesseans because of the large number who fought there and because of the location of the burial sites.
In 1846 the United States and Mexico went to war over a border dispute along the Rio Grande precipitated by the annexation of Texas. The federal government immediately called for volunteers from the states to augment the small U.S. Army. 
“When the War Department requested 3,000 volunteers (the equivalent of three regiments) from Tennessee, nearly 30,000 Tennesseans turned out forcing state officials to resort to a lottery to determine who would be permitted to serve,” said Johnson. “This solidified Tennessee’s reputation as the Volunteer State, a nickname it had initially won during the War of 1812.  Ultimately over the next two years, nearly 6,000 Tennesseans volunteered to fight in the Mexican War.”
Mexican War_2One of the earliest battles in the war was fought at Monterey, Mexico, in September 1846. Johnson said some of the toughest fighting during the battle was for control of an old tannery that had been fortified by Mexican troops trying to hold off U.S. troops. Regular U.S. troops, together with volunteers from Tennessee and Mississippi, captured the tannery after a daring charge by the First Tennessee and First Mississippi Volunteer Regiments. 
Twenty-seven Tennesseans were killed in the attack and another 75 were wounded according to Johnson’s research. The First Regiment Tennessee Volunteers, commanded by Col. William B. Campbell, became known as “The Bloody First.”
“About a half dozen of the Tennesseans were brought back to the state by their families for burial but the rest were buried near the battle site. And there they lay until a building project uncovered some of their remains in 2009. More have been found since,” said Johnson.
Coins and buttons that were discovered at the site quickly showed that the remains included Americans. The identities of the deceased soldiers are unknown, but historians believe that some of them could be Tennesseans.  However, Johnson said that repatriation of the remains ran into numerous roadblocks over the years from both the Mexican and U.S. governments.
In 2010, Capt. Jim Page, the division historian for the 101st Airborne Div. at Fort Campbell, a U.S. Army installation at the Kentucky-Tennessee border named for The Bloody First’s commander Col. Campbell, began a crusade to bring the remains of the Tennesseans who were killed in the Battle of Monterey home. John O’Brien, director of the Pratt Museum at Fort Campbell, and Johnson soon joined the effort.
The discovery of the remains convinced Johnson, to begin work on a book on Tennessee’s role in the conflict. Along the way, Johnson contacted state representatives and members of Tennessee’s congressional delegation, as well as one of his former students who worked in the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City in an effort to resolve the issue.
A few years later he learned that an anthropology professor at Middle Tennessee State University was also interested in the skeletal remains and wanted to bring them to Tennessee for forensic research.
Mexican War_3With different groups involved in this repatriation project, Johnson thought that more progress might be made if they all joined forces. In 2015 he organized a meeting in Tennessee State Rep. Steve McDaniel’s office. The meeting included McDaniel; staff from the office of House Majority Leader Gerald McCormick; one historian and two anthropologists from MTSU; the director of the Fort Campbell history office; Fred Prouty of the Tennessee Wars Commission; and a representative from Governor Bill Haslam’s office. 
“That meeting bore fruit,” Johnson recalled. “Soon thereafter Prouty’s office granted to the forensic lab $40,000 to do scientific research when and if the remains were returned.”
The remains have undergone a battery of procedures and tests at Dover with the ultimate goal of positively identifying them. Johnson and MTSU history professor Derek Frisby continued to work with the military over the last few months to track down descendants of those killed in the battle so that DNA analysis and comparisons can be made. At this stage DNA is the only way to establish the identity of these Mexican War soldiers, Johnson said.
After the story broke regarding the repatriated remains this past September, two Nashville area residents immediately came forward to say that they had ancestors who volunteered and then died in Mexico.
“They were interested to know if their ancestors were among the repatriated remains, and that research is ongoing,” said Johnson. “Ironically, both individuals have Lipscomb connections.” 
Tim Northcutt, a Lipscomb Academy graduate and Hendersonville resident, had at least three ancestors who went to Mexico and one who died there, but Johnson was quickly able to determine that he was not one of the Monterey dead.
Jim Thomas, a 1950 Lipscomb graduate and retired minister in Chapel Hill, is the descendant of Joseph B. Burkitt who was one of the Tennessee soldiers killed and buried at Monterey. Johnson said it is possible that Joseph Burkitt’s remains are among those returned to Dover in September. Testing continues to try to determine a match. Another descendant from one of the Tennesseans buried at Monterey recently came forward and research on that family line is ongoing.
Today, Johnson is in the final stages of his work on a book manuscript inspired by the experience which is tentatively titled: For Duty and Honor: Tennessee’s Mexican War Experience.  Johnson has committed to send the manuscript to the University of Tennessee Press when it is completed in 2017 for publication. He is currently working on the latter chapters and is also looking for old portraits, drawings and pictures that might be in private hands of Tennesseans whose ancestors fought in Mexico. 
In the meantime, Johnson continues his hope that before he finishes the book, the lab work in Dover can confirm that at least one of the sets of remains belongs to a Tennessean and that he can help bring him home to the Volunteer State.

__http://www.lipscomb.edu/news/archive/detail/5/31227___________________________________________

MTGS Meetings and Workshops

  • Saturday, July 15, 2017, 1:00pm, The Brentwood Library, 8109 Concord Rd., Brentwood, TN 37027
    MTGS Regular Meeting
    "Middle Tennesseans in the Mexican War and Repatriating those Killed in Action at the 1846 Battle of Monterrey, Mexico"
    Presented by Dr. Derek Frisby, PhD.


    Dr. Derek Frisby will talk about his project to ultimately repatriate the remains of US Soldiers killed and buried in Monterrey, using genealogy and DNA analysis. Many of these soldiers were from Middle Tennessee.

    Derek W. Frisby is a Faculty Coordinator in the Office of International Affairs and an Associate Professor in the Global Studies and Geography program at Middle Tennessee State University teaching Tennessee, US, and military history. He is Middle Tennessee native, MTSU alum, and US Marine Corps veteran whose research interests deal with military occupation and reconstruction strategies. Frisby received his doctoral degree from the University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa and has authored numerous articles and essays dealing with Tennessee’s Civil War occupation and Reconstruction experiences. He is completing his first book dealing with southerners who remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War and their role in the region’s occupation and restoration.

    The meeting is open to the public at no charge, and refreshments will be served.

  • http://mtgs.org/calendar/default.html
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Tennessee Wars Commission DNA Project 
By Tim Hyder
While much of the work done by the Tennessee Wars Commission (TWC) is focused on the preservation and protection of battlefield lands within the state of Tennessee, we also strive to complete our mission statement by funding other types of projects which produce a deeper public understanding of places of conflict and the people who participated in them. Nowhere is this more evident than in the current project underway to identify human remains found in the Mexican city of Monterrey which may be the bodies of members of the 1st Tennessee Volunteers who were killed during the Battle of Monterrey, September 21-24, 1846. Through the use of forensic archaeology combined with cutting-edge technological analysis being conducted by a team from the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System at Dover Air Force Base, it may be possible to determine the identities of these remains. The Battle of Monterrey was a pivotal engagement in the Mexican-American War, a conflict which began in April of 1846 and which ultimately had its roots in the United States’ desire for western land acquisition. Hundreds of Tennesseans volunteered for service during the war, with the state fielding 5 regiments of volunteer infantry and one ofmounted volunteers. At Monterrey it was the 1st Tennessee regiment, composed of 9 companies of almost exclusively middle Tennesseans, who were called into heavy service. In the heaviest fighting of the battle’s first day the 1st was ordered to storm the town’s citadel Review and Compliance Updates Tracking System By David Calease Tennessee Wars Commission DNA Project By Tim Hyder DNA, DNA Testing, continued from page 6 and took horrendous casualties of almost one third dead or wounded. Roughly 30 Tennesseans were killed, with very few of their bodies known to have been sent back to the United States for burial. The final resting place of the others was not noted in any surviving documentation. Therefore, when skeletal remains were discovered by construction crews in modern Monterrey in an area roughly corresponding to the 1st Tennessee’s advance it became important for both Mexico and the United States to determine who these remains belong to and whether they could possibly be the final resting place of Americans killed in battle. The first clue was in the objects which were found with the bones. A small number of button fragments and other objects conformed closer to American patterns than those used in Mexico during the middle of the 19th century. Second were the bones themselves. At least one skeleton showed signs of trauma typical of contemporary warfare; in this case a leg had been removed below the knee and was completely missing from the skeleton, possibly indicating a catastrophic removal from being hit with a cannonball or more likely the result of a battlefield amputation. Finally, an isotopic analysis was run on a small percentage of the remains. Carbondating is a scientific tool for estimating the ages of organic objects, in which the amount of Carbon 14 is analyzed in a sample and compared against the element’s decay rate to find an approximate age. The isotopic analysis performed on the Monterrey remains shares a scientific basis with carbon-dating, but instead of looking to find the age of a sample, isotopic analysis looks for the original location of a sample. While Carbon-14 decays incrementally over time, stable isotopes like Strontium-87 or Oxygen-18 stay at the level forever once they are absorbed by a living thing. In humans these elements are introduced into our bodies by the food that we eat and the water that we drink. Each water source and soil area in the world has slight variations in these elements and particularly pre-20th century when people tended to eat and drink things that were only produced locally. The ratios of these isotopes in their bodies form a “fingerprint” which is specific to a certain area of the world. By testing the Monterrey samples isotopic ratios and comparing them to known reference samples from across the United States it is hoped that they will be similar to those of others from the middle Tennessee area. The skeletal remains are also undergoing DNA processing and analysis at Dover AFB. While television shows make this process seem like a relatively easy one involving cotton swabs and a computer, in reality the process is much more complex especially when the remains being tested are potentially over 150 years old. The main problem lies in the fact that after a century and a half much of the testable DNA has degraded so much to be unusable. Human DNA is located in two different parts of our cells: in the nucleus (nDNA) and in the mitochondria (mDNA). Nuclear DNA is the type that most people are familiar with; it is the type most modern forensic work relies upon and is also the type sequenced by companies like Ancestry or National Geographic when you send for a DNA testing kit. This type contains a person’s full genetic code. Unfortunately, as the body decays this nDNA decays as well, with skeletal remains containing little to no nDNA that is useful as a diagnostic tool. Mitochondrial DNA, on the other hand, contains smaller amounts of genetic code and is substantially more stable; it has the potential to provide usable data even after thousands of years. Therefore it is mDNA which will be extracted from the human remains found in Monterrey (either from small amounts of bone or from the pulp from inside of teeth) and analyzed for genetic markers for comparison. The final hurdle to this mDNA analysis is that it is passed down only along through the female line. Therefore intense genealogical reviews of each Tennessean killed at Monterrey has been an ongoing project for MTSU’s Dr. Derek Frisby and Dr. Tim Johnson from Lipscomb University. Their goal is to trace each soldier’s female relatives down to the modern day, request a DNA sample from matching individuals, and then use these modern mDNA profiles as comparison references. A match would give us a statistically definitive identity for a particular set of remains and potentially allow us to bring that soldier back to be buried at an appropriate location in Tennessee. The TWC is proud to support this ongoing project and looks hopefully forward to reporting positive news within the next year.
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